What Exactly Is Diabetes?

Christina Dodd 

You have just been given the diagnosis from your physician that you have diabetes. Do you really know what that word means or even how you developed it?

Most individuals have heard those words but have absolutely no clue to exactly what they mean. Diabetes Mellitus, is the scientific term for what we know is this disorder that is classified as diabetes. Affecting your metabolism is what it does in the way that your body digests food for growth and energy. The majority of the food we What Exactly Is Diabetes?eat is broken into levels of sugar in your blood, that is known as glucose.

As the food is consumed it moves into our bloodstream through digestive processes, that is the glucose our main source of fuel our bodies. The cells of our bodies use that glucose for growth and energy consumption. But without the proper amount of insulin those cells can not take in the glucose, that is what our cells need to absorb the glucose.

Produced by a healthy pancreas, insulin is a hormone that after eating is released into our bloodstream automatically. Unless that quantity of insulin is present to help the movement of glucose through our cells the diabetic’s blood sugar level will be abnormally elevated.

That condition of high blood sugar is commonly referred to as hyperglycemia, which is when the pancreas does not produce a sufficient amount of insulin. Or in more severe cases the pancreas produces absolutely no insulin, or poorly responding cells to the insulin that is produced. Either way there will be a build up of glucose in the blood, which will eventually pass through the kidneys in the urine that is passed. While it would seem that the body is actually producing sufficient amounts of glucose, the fact that the cells still are not receiving their essential supply for growth or energy remains.

Regarding diabetes you will learn there are three main types. Those being diabetes type 1 (where no insulin is produced at all), diabetes type 2 ( not enough insulin is produced or what is produced does not work sufficiently), and gestational diabetes ( the formation of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy).

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are considered to be chronic medical diseases, which means that they are constant and persistent. While the gestational form of diabetes will usually resolve itself once the birth of the child has occurred.

Diabetes can be a difficult diagnosis to hear, but treatments for it have become as effective as they are important. Every type whether it is type 2 or type 1 remains treatable, but they will last a lifetime. You will be a diabetic from the moment you hear the diagnosis through the rest of your lifetime. But with the regular treatment of insulin you can live a long and prosperous life. Type 1 diabetic will generally be treated with insulin through injections, as well as a strict exercise and dietary regimen.

Those patients who have received the diagnosis of type 2 can usually receive treatment in the form of diet and exercise, but there will be patients who do require the injections. Unless your diabetes is properly and regularly controlled you will be at an extremely higher category of risk for development of other complications. Among those complications you will see kidney failure,coma, nerve damage, erectile dysfunction, and cardiovascular disease to just name a few. So it is very important to receive the best care possible and make sure you adhere to your diabetic diet strictly.

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