If you are nearing forty and have a familial history of colon cancer, certain precautions need to be taken. You must undergo the pertinent examinations on a regular basis, including the occasional colonoscopy, which can help you lower the risk quite significantly. You also have to make lifestyle changes to prevent a colon disorder.
Colon Cancer-The Worst Disorder of the Colon
The initial fact you need to be aware of about colon cancer is that it is not another typical colon problem like constipation, hemorrhoids, colitis or appendicitis. Regular examination and periodic colon cleansing can control these sort of colon disorders however colon cancers cannot be treated as simply as the other situations.
Colon cancer, or colorectal cancer, is a cancerous growth located in the vicinity of the rectum or the colon. Colon cancer is the third highest occurring cancer, and the second most fatal. Colon cancer, though relatively curable, is one of the most dangerous colon disorders.
Unlike other colon disorders, which are usually attributed to the buildup of fecal wastes in the bowel together with the associated toxic substances, parasites and harmful bacteria, the reasons for the onset of colon cancer are not very well understood. Colon cancer, however, is curable if detected and removed early enough.
Even though it may not be thought of as very relevant for you to be overly concerned with the issue, it won’t hurt you to be aware of the basic risk factors associated with this feared colon disorder.
It can be said that an individual is at very high risk for colon cancer if they display one or more of the characteristics as follows:
- Over fifty years of age.
- Having a lifestyle that is typically sedentary and void of exercise and activity.
- Family history of colon cancer.
- A diet that is unhealthy, low in fiber and high in red meat.
- Persons who smoke
- A heavy consumer of alcoholic beverages.
- Individuals who have suffered a serious colon condition like Crohn’s disease, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, ulcerative colitis or colon cancer (polyps).
Serious Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Although it is very hard to relate any symptoms typical with the onset of colon cancer, the most common ones generally noted include:
- A marked change in frequency and consistency of stool and bowel habits – interspersed with occurrence of minor colon disorders such as constipation, gas formation, bloating and diarrhea, etc.
- Stools which have periodic blood and/or mucus in them.
- Appetite regression.
- No apparent reason for loss of body weight.
- Recurring pain in the abdomen.
- Stool that is thin or small in diameter.
- A sense of non-completion even after finishing bowel movements.
Prevention and Cure
As previously stated, this major disorder of the colon, which is known to claim hundreds of thousands of lives annually, can be brought under control to some degree. Treatment options include invasive surgery or less invasive options like laparoscopy and chemotherapy, that function well on their own or in addition to surgery.
Prevention of the dangerous cancer of the colon can be incorporated via a number of lifestyle changes. Regular colonoscopies can help detect and remove cancerous growths before they advance very far.
If you know about the risk factors and lead a healthy lifestyle, you can save yourself these problems later on in life. Prevention is always better than the cure said a very rightly individual.