Mouth rinses can be defined as those medicines that ensure oral care. They are used to kill the germs that are a reason for generating various mouth diseases like plague, bad breath etc. The mouth rinses having fluoride usually prevent from tooth decay. Cosmetic and therapeutic rinses are the two categories of mouthwashes. Such mouth rinses are also available that cover both these categories in one product. Cosmetic rinses usually are such mouthwashes that remove mouth germs that cause bad breath, leaving the mouth bacteria free. They also make the mouth fresh by leaving a pleasing taste. Therapeutic mouthwashes are similar to cosmetic rinses, but they have an additional use. They contain a certain component that helps prevent mouth diseases, thus ensuring complete dental care. Example of such a mouth rinse is anti-plaque mouth rinse and cavity fluoride rinse.
The patients having diseases like gum inflammation, cavities, periodontal disease etc are suggested to use certain rinses by the orthodontists. The people who encounter problems while brushing can use therapeutic rinses as a substitute.
It is up to you whether you want to you the mouthwash or not. Orthodontists say that the use of good fluoride toothpaste is enough to ensure oral care. It has clinically proven that anti-cavity fluoride rinses are successful in killing up to 50 percent germs along with bacteria that cause oral diseases and make the mouth clean and fresh but still research has proved that the use of such antibacterial and anti-plaque mouth rinses are less effective than rinsing the mouth with water. They don’t ensure proper oral care against mouth diseases.
Due to this reason, many orthodontists are doubtful about the worth of these anti-plaque rinses. They have proved to be only 20 to 25 percent effective in protecting the mouth from diseases along with keeping it fresh. Their use can be harmful as they usually cover the indication of an oral disorder.
Certain things must be kept in mind while using a mouthwash. Firstly, your teeth must be brushed when you are to use a mouthwash. You must determine the amount of rinse to be used. This can either be read from the instructions for the use of the rinse or you can go for what has been prescribed by your dentist. You must thoroughly swish the liquid in your mouth with your lips closed, and teeth kept at a distant. This must be done for about 35 seconds or as directed on the instructions of the product. After this, you must through the liquid out of your mouth. Your teeth must be properly clean if you want to ensure a proper guard against cavities with the use of the mouthwash. Nothing should be eaten after the use of the rinse for almost 30 minutes.
Mouth rinses are not free of side effects. The intensity of the side effect is based on the type of product that you are using. Antiseptic mouth rinses containing almost 26 percent of alcohol may cause burning in your teeth, cheeks and gums. Mouth rinses containing high quantity of alcohol may cause mouth sore, mucosal erosions, mouth numbness, a sensitivity of roots etc. Excessive intake of the anti-cavity fluoride rinses may cause fluoride toxicity. There is always a possibility that these rinses may get swallowed unintentionally. Therefore, children must use mouthwashes under the direction of adults, specifically parents. Thus, if you sense an unfavourable reaction with the use of any mouthwash, then you must stop using it immediately or must consult a dentist.