Blood pressure without further specification usually refers to the systemic arterial pressure measured at a person’s upper arm and is a measure of the pressure in the brachial artery, the major artery in the upper arm. A person’s blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic pressure over diastolic pressure and is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg), for example 120/80.
Blood pressure varies in healthy people and animals, but its variation is under control by the nervous and endocrine systems. Blood pressure that ispathologically low is called hypotension, and that which is pathologically high is hypertension. Both have many causes and can range from mild to severe.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
Some of the contributing factors of high blood pressure are not controllable, others can be quite controllable.
Controllable RISK factors are
Age: You are likely to develop high blood pressure as you get older.
Heredity: High blood pressure sometimes runs in families. You’re twice as likely to develop High blood pressure as others if you have a family history.
Controllable RISK factors are
Obesity: Extreme overweight is clearly related to high blood pressure. Around, 60 percent of patients with high blood pressure are associated with overweight people. By losing weight obese individuals can significantly reduce blood pressure.
Sodium Consumption: Reduction in taking salt lowers blood pressure in salt-sensitive people.
Food consumption: Potassium, magnesium and calcium consumption. Eating foods rich in Potassium, magnesium and calcium minerals helps maintain normal blood pressure.
Alcohol Consumption: Regular use of alcohol increases blood pressure in some individuals. However, the effect of alcohol on blood pressure can be completely reversed. For those who drink, they are advised to limit themselves to a maximum of two drinks a day.
Smoking: Long-term effect of smoking on blood pressure has not been fully explained, it can raise blood pressure on a short-term. Both high blood pressure and smoking are linked to heart disease therefore smoking increases the risk.
Oral Contraceptives: Taking of birth control pills by women develops high blood pressure.
Physical Inactivity: Lack of exercise contributes to high blood pressure. Moderate exercise makes one active. An inactive person gets into better shape and helps keep someone’s pressure in check.
Investigating Blood Pressure Numbers
Two numbers are measured by the doctor when checking someone’s blood pressure, systolic and diastolic.
Systolic pressure is the larger number at the top. It represents the amount of pressure in arteries while the heart beats. During heart beating, blood is pumped from the heart and into the blood vessels throughout the body.
Diastolic pressure is the smaller number at the bottom. It represents the pressure in arteries while the heart is relaxing between beats. This relaxation period involves the heart filling up with blood for the next squeeze. An elevated diastolic number might be a concern to a doctor because it indicates increased pressure on the artery walls of your heart even when the heart is resting.
How to Lower High Blood Pressure
Most individuals can significantly lower their blood pressure with the following ways:
Diet: By Following Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. Limiting alcohol taking or avoiding alcohol completely can be a good step.
Obesity: Losing weight if overweight.
Exercise: Exercising at least four times a week and becoming physically active is recommended. Consulting a doctor on any diet or exercise program.
Meditation: In other cases, diet and exercise are not enough. Seeking meditation to help lower your blood pressure is recommended.
EHIC ( European Health Insurance Card ) is issued free of charge and allows anyone insured by a statutory social security scheme of the EEA countries and Switzerland to receive medical treatment in another member state for free or at a reduced cost.