As per the nature’s creation human bodies are crafted of numerous of cells that grow up, split up, and then die in a predictable way. Cancer takes place when some error occurs in this system, causing uncontrolled cell division and growth. The cancer cells lump together and form a mass of extra tissue, also known as a cancerous tumor. When cancer cells are present in the colon, that condition is known as colon cancer.
In length, colon is around 6 feet and it is a vital part of the body’s digestive system that transfers waste material from the small intestine to the rectum. The colon is embraced of four distinct layers: mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externis, and serosa.
Symptoms of colon cancer:
As colon cancer can cherish for years without causing any symptoms, it’s best to get regular colon cancer monitoring. But, knowing what to look out for can’t hurt. Examples of symptoms include thin stomach cramping, stools, sudden weight loss, and fatigue.
Hazards for colon cancer:
After crossing the age of 50 or older is actually the main risk factor for colon cancer. But other things influence colon cancer development, too. For example, studies point out that smoking, alcohol, inflammatory bowel disease, and obesity can all increase a person’s risk of developing colon cancer.
Diagnosis of colon cancer:
For some, a colon cancer diagnosis comes after months of trying to pinpoint the cause of various symptoms. Others receive a surprise diagnosis after a routine colonoscopy. Although there are many method to carry out a colon cancer diagnosis, they all have one thing in common: laboratory analysis of a tissue sample that
confirms the presence of cancer.
Types of colon cancer:
The types of colon cancer are generally defined by what kind of cell or tissue it originates in. For example, the most common type of colon cancer is adenocarcinoma. But colon cancer can begin in other types of cells, too. Colon lymphoma, which is rare but does occur, begins in a lymphocyte. Leiomyosarcoma of the colon, which is also uncommon, and it is a cancerous tumor that begins in one of the muscle layers of the colon.
Treatment of colon cancer:
Today there are 3 standard colon cancer treatments: chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. Another potential option for some patients is immunotherapy. But, surgery is the most common treatment and is often combined with chemo/radiation to treat later-stage cancers.
Survival rates of colon cancer:
When the human are encountered with the uncertainty of cancer, it’s human nature to learn as much as we can about it and strive to make out how it’s all going to tackle. Certainly we can’t really know, but that’s not the issue. It’s essential to remember that colon cancer survival rates are generalizations and your individual chances of survival may vary.